Why is Calcium required in our body?

Consuming too much calcium, especially in the form of calcium supplements, can lead to constipation and kidney stones.

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In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.  Most of the minerals in a human diet come from eating plants and animals or from drinking water. As a group, minerals are one of the four groups of essential nutrients, the others of which are vitamins, essential fatty acids, and essential amino acids. The five major minerals in the human body are calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and magnesium.

Calcium makes up approximately 2 percent of your total body weight and contributes to many basic body functions, including disease prevention and absorption of other nutrients. Consuming enough calcium — between 1,000 and 1,200 milligrams per day for healthy men and women — is a must for optimal nutrition and health. Calcium is key for the health of your bones and teeth, but it also affects your muscles, hormones, nerve function, and ability to form blood clots.

Calcium in periodic table

Calcium performs a number of basic functions in your body. Your body uses 99 percent of its calcium to keep your bones and teeth strong, thereby supporting skeletal structure and function.

Click here to know more about Taurine intake!

Diseases due to Calcium deficiency

Low blood calcium levels and the lack of calcium may lead to the following low calcium symptoms:

  1. Fainting
  2. Heart failure
  3. Chest pains
  4. Numbness and tingling sensations around the mouth or in the fingers and toes
  5. Muscle cramps, particularly in the back and legs; may progress to muscle spasm ( tetany)
  6. Wheezing
  7. Difficulty swallowing
  8. Voice changes due to spasm of the larynx
  9. Irritability, impaired intellectual capacity, depression, anxiety, and personality changes
  10. Fatigue
  11. Seizures
  12. Coarse hair
  13. Brittle nails
  14. Psoriasis
  15. Dry skin
  16. Chronic itching
  17. Tooth decay
  18. Numbness or tingling in the extremities
  19. Muscle weakness
  20. Cataracts
  21. Osteoporosis symptoms (a backache; a gradual loss of height and an accompanying stooped posture; fractures of the spine, wrist, or hip)

What happens if you consume too much Calcium?

Consuming too much calcium, especially in the form of calcium supplements, can lead to constipation and kidney stones. The Institute of Medicine recommends healthy men and women limit their daily calcium consumption to 2,000 to 2,500 milligrams. Taking too much calcium may also lead to side effects such as dry mouth, a continuing headache, increased thirst, irritability, loss of appetite, depression, a metallic taste in the mouth, and fatigue.

Find out how much Calcium is present in your food product today! Call +91-7042492166 or mail to us at info@fraclabs.org to know more about other vitamins and minerals present in food and about their safe limit of consumption.

Anti-Dengue Fogging is a False Sense of Security ; Ineffective Measure for 25 Years


A Delhi based green NGO, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has recently urged the government to focus on more effective measures for combating the largely spread Dengue, as the current measures of Fogging have been ineffective.

According to the NGO, the Anti-Dengue Fogging drives are nothing but a false sense of security among the public, a measure that is used by the Government’s for appeasement by wasting lakhs of litres of Diesel every year. CSE urged the government to focus on systematic preventive measures towards clean environment and sanitation. Its assessment said that 4.5 lakh litre of diesel could be used this year for fogging, which comes to 4,500 litres of diesel per day and is also equivalent to the usage of diesel by 2,000 cars in a day. CSE said that targeting adult mosquitoes offers temporary control and that too in limited settings and under ideal conditions and unless repeated frequently, fogging cannot control the next batch of adults out of the larvae. Thus, a source control is a must, using larvacides, to destroy the larva, and effectively prevent public from Dengue. The WHO guidelines on dengue too “questions” the role of fogging and recognises that fogging has been used by South-East Asian countries for the past 25 years but has not been effective.

“Medical experts suggest that direct inhalation of diesel fumes, combined with insecticides, can exacerbate asthma or bronchitis among those with respiratory ailments.

“Pregnant women, small children and old people are most susceptible to aggravation. Eye specialists also mention that diesel fumes can also cause irritation and itching on skin and eyes. Prolonged exposure could lead to temporary swelling of the corneas,” CSE said.

Source : NDTV