Why is Calcium required in our body?

Consuming too much calcium, especially in the form of calcium supplements, can lead to constipation and kidney stones.

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In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.  Most of the minerals in a human diet come from eating plants and animals or from drinking water. As a group, minerals are one of the four groups of essential nutrients, the others of which are vitamins, essential fatty acids, and essential amino acids. The five major minerals in the human body are calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and magnesium.

Calcium makes up approximately 2 percent of your total body weight and contributes to many basic body functions, including disease prevention and absorption of other nutrients. Consuming enough calcium — between 1,000 and 1,200 milligrams per day for healthy men and women — is a must for optimal nutrition and health. Calcium is key for the health of your bones and teeth, but it also affects your muscles, hormones, nerve function, and ability to form blood clots.

Calcium in periodic table

Calcium performs a number of basic functions in your body. Your body uses 99 percent of its calcium to keep your bones and teeth strong, thereby supporting skeletal structure and function.

Click here to know more about Taurine intake!

Diseases due to Calcium deficiency

Low blood calcium levels and the lack of calcium may lead to the following low calcium symptoms:

  1. Fainting
  2. Heart failure
  3. Chest pains
  4. Numbness and tingling sensations around the mouth or in the fingers and toes
  5. Muscle cramps, particularly in the back and legs; may progress to muscle spasm ( tetany)
  6. Wheezing
  7. Difficulty swallowing
  8. Voice changes due to spasm of the larynx
  9. Irritability, impaired intellectual capacity, depression, anxiety, and personality changes
  10. Fatigue
  11. Seizures
  12. Coarse hair
  13. Brittle nails
  14. Psoriasis
  15. Dry skin
  16. Chronic itching
  17. Tooth decay
  18. Numbness or tingling in the extremities
  19. Muscle weakness
  20. Cataracts
  21. Osteoporosis symptoms (a backache; a gradual loss of height and an accompanying stooped posture; fractures of the spine, wrist, or hip)

What happens if you consume too much Calcium?

Consuming too much calcium, especially in the form of calcium supplements, can lead to constipation and kidney stones. The Institute of Medicine recommends healthy men and women limit their daily calcium consumption to 2,000 to 2,500 milligrams. Taking too much calcium may also lead to side effects such as dry mouth, a continuing headache, increased thirst, irritability, loss of appetite, depression, a metallic taste in the mouth, and fatigue.

Find out how much Calcium is present in your food product today! Call +91-7042492166 or mail to us at info@fraclabs.org to know more about other vitamins and minerals present in food and about their safe limit of consumption.

What are the harms of biting nails?

Biting nails have often been related to lack of confidence. But does it limit to only that? Could it also reflect deficiency of any sorts? It is believed that nail biting is your body cannibalising itself when you have a calcium deficiency.


Biting nails have often been related to lack of confidence. But does it limit to only that? Could it also reflect deficiency of any sorts? It is believed that nail biting is your body cannibalising itself when you have a calcium deficiency.

The condition (called onychophagia) is one of several (joined by hair pulling or trichotillomania and skin picking) which are a sub-group of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. One of the characteristics of this sub-group is that they become habit patterns. The behaviors can be associated with tension and, to the extent that they are, can serve a tension reduction purpose. However, once established as a habit, they may not really be associated with tension. It is important to treat these conditions with medication and therapy. Medications commonly employed are the serotoninergic agents, such as Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Celexa, Luvox, Lexapro and also Anafranil. Some clinicians also imply a type of B-vitamin. In addition, to augment the serotonin medications, agents such as Ripperda, Zyprexa, Geodon and Abilify can be useful, particularly in intractable cases. Therapy consists of Cognitive-Behavioral treatment and involves Habit Reversal Training along with Exposure and Response Prevention. Medication alone will help but not likely solve the problem.

 

Risks of Biting Nails

  1. End up ingesting Disease-Causing Bacteria: Nails are an ideal location for bacteria to thrive, and that includes potentially pathogenic bacteria like Salmonella and E. coli (which would love to call the underside of your nail tips home).
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    As you bite your nails, those bacteria easily transfer into your mouth and the rest of your body, where they may lead to infections.
  2. Paronychia: Paronychia is a skin infection that occurs around your nails. As you chew your nails, bacteria, yeast, and other microorganisms can enter through tiny tears or abrasions, leading to swelling, redness, and pus around your nail. This painful condition may have to be drained surgically. Bacterial infections caused by nail biting are actually one of the most common nail problems, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD)
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  3. WartsWarts are small bumps on the skin or mucous membranes caused by the human papillomavirus or HPV. These warts can easily spread to your mouth and lips as you bite your nails.
  4. Dental Problems: Nail biting can interfere with proper dental occlusion, or the manner in which your upper and lower teeth come together when you close your mouth. Your teeth may shift out of their proper position, become misshapen, wear down prematurely, and become weakened if you bite your nails over time.
  5. Impaired Quality of Life: A study published this year found that people who chronically bite their nails report significantly higher quality of life impairment than those who do not. The level of impairment rises with time spent on nail biting, the number of involved fingernails and those who report visible nail abnormalities. Tension when trying to resist nail biting, suffering due to nail biting or nail-eating behavior also negatively influenced quality of life.

    (Source: Mercola)

Infections caused to skin because of Nail Biting
Infections caused to skin because of Nail Biting

Find out if you have thyroid in 12 Steps!

Irritable or feelings depressed?
High blood pressure?
Sudden change in Appetite and taste buds?
These are common symptoms of Thyroid imbalance!


Thyroid is increasingly becoming a health concern with time. When your thyroid doesn’t produce enough hormones, the balance of chemical reactions in your body can be upset. There can be a number of causes, including autoimmune disease, treatment for hyperthyroidism, radiation therapy, thyroid surgery and certain medications.

Your thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland situated at the base of the front of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple. Hormones produced by the thyroid gland — triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) — have an enormous impact on your health, affecting all aspects of your metabolism. They maintain the rate at which your body uses fats and carbohydrates, help control your body temperature, influence your heart rate, and help regulate the production of proteins. (Source: Mayoclinic)

 

thyroid-gland
This is how thyroid gland looks like!

 

So how do you identify if you are going through this hormonal imbalance?

Here are some symptoms that should be considered as a warning against Thyroid:

  1. You are irritable / depressed without any reason!
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  2. Having constipation too regularly? Get yourself checked!
  3. Feeling more slugish and lazy than before?
  4. Dry skin, brittle nails, hair fall.
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  5. Suddenly gaining weight or suddenly losing weight without any reason? Well the reason is Thyroid!
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  6. High palpation
  7. Fuzzy head
  8. High blood pressure
  9. No libido at all
  10. Change in the way your taste buds are tasting food!
  11. Change in appetite
  12. Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints

If you are lying in a subset of most of these symptoms, it is time you visit your regular physician and take precautions accordingly.

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Whey Protein : All About It

Whey protein is the protein contained in whey, the watery portion of milk that separates from the curds when making cheese.
Find out all about whey protein – pros and cons!


Whey protein is the protein contained in whey, the watery portion of milk that separates from the curds when making cheese.

It is used for improving athletic performance, as a food supplement, as an alternative to milk for people with lactose intolerance, for replacing or supplementing milk-based infant formulas, and for reversing weight loss and increasing glutathione (GSH) in people with HIV disease.

Is natural form of milk better than the powdered milk?

Whey protein is also used for protein allergy, asthma, high cholesterol, obesity and weight loss, preventing allergies in infants, late-stage cancer, and colon cancer.

How does it work?
Whey protein is a source of protein that might improve the nutrient content of the diet. Whey protein might also have effects on the immune system. (source: WebMD)

Even the bacteria in your gut govern how much you are going to weigh!

chocolate-whey-protein-powder

Whey protein is generally regarded as a safe supplement when used appropriately, but you’ll still want to take steps to make sure that you aren’t getting carried away with it. Overconsumption of protein, when coupled with a low carbohydrate intake, can lead to problems

Side effects May include:

  1. Gain Fats: If you’re using whey protein to build lean muscle you probably don’t want to gain weight in the form of fat. But many times whey protein will come with added sugars and therefore added carbohydrates, and some can contain added fat as well.
  2. Could Form Kidney Stones : Excessive amounts of protein causes kidney stones. While there is no conclusive evidence that it causes them, whey protein doesn’t seem to help prevent them, and can worsen the condition if it’s already present. One way to make sure that you don’t get kidney stones from using whey protein is to get enough fiber in your diet. Adequate amounts of fiber and water will help your body maintain itself and prevent the buildup of deposits that can lead to a kidney stone.
  3. Digestive Trouble: Because it is sourced from dairy, whey protein contains lactose, which could end up giving you digestive problems if you are sensitive to it.
  4. Could Develop Gout: It’s not likely that you’d get gout from drinking protein shakes unless you were already showing signs of it, and unless you consume far more than is recommended. But it is something to be aware of if you have a family history of gout.Along with the protein in whey protein, there is also a large amount of amino acids. If your body can’t process these effectively they’ll build up in your system and cause problems with your liver and other organs designed to filter these substances and put them to use.

Source: Bembu

liver - info

Benefits and Harms of Raisins

This article talks about benefits and harms of raisins, the dried form of grapes. While raisins have many benefits, it may also harm the teeth among kids.


Raisins, the dried-up form of grapes have been known for their nutritional benefits. Raisins are known for many health benefits, some of them being:

  1. Help in digestion
  2. Reduce acidity
  3. Fight Anaemia
  4. Prevent Cancer
  5. Treat infections
  6. Reduce sexual weakness
  7. Help in weight gain (though this can be the harm for a few!)
  8. Calcium in raisins are beneficial for bones (source: Stlye Craze )

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While acknowledged to be nutritionally and developmentally beneficial, even healthy food items can adversely affect a child’s dental health and cause severe problems in later life, the Mirror reported.

Saara Sabir, a practising dentist and mum-of-one from Salford, said that the most serious culprit of tooth decay was raisins and dried fruit, adding that many parents think they’re a good option because they’re packed with vitamins, but the concentrated sugar content in dried fruit is extremely detrimental to a child’s teeth.

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She noted that a small packet of raisins has around 8 teaspoons worth of sugar in. As per the NHS, the recommended daily sugar allowance for children aged four to six years-old is no more than five sugar cubes. For children aged seven to ten, it is no more than six.

The reason dried fruit poses a particular danger is also because of its consistency. Saara continues that raisins are sticky and get stuck in teeth. Therefore the bacteria have a prolonged source of sugar, so it can cause decay for a longer period of time.

She, however, said that because of the nutritional value, it’s better to give your child raisins as a dessert or part of a meal rather than a snack. (Souce: Zee News)